Scalable Business Models for Alternative Biomass Cooking Fuels and Their Potential in Sub-Saharan Africa

Building on its previous work on clean cooking in Africa, the World Bank has begun to explore intervention strategies for the clean cooking sector that move beyond stoves to examine the potential for cleaner-burning biomass fuels. This report examines the potential for scaling-up biofuel supplies for cooking in Sub-Saharan Africa, specifically carbonized and uncarbonized biomass briquettes, biomass pellets, and ethanol fuel and gel. These fuels, referred to here as alternative biofuels, need to be considered in the same context as other clean fuel options, such as liquefied petroleum gas, electricity, and other alternative fuels like biogas when shaping the future clean cooking ecosystem.

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