Globally, 82.4 million people were forcibly displaced at the end of 20201. The biggest camps in the world number over 150,000 refugees and several areas hosting exceptionally large refugee populations can be found in sub-Saharan Africa. Cooking with charcoal and wood is the norm in African camps. Not only does this harm the environment, it causes health problems and premature deaths through indoor air pollution.
Humanitarian agencies are increasingly focused on improving access to clean and safe modern energy cooking solutions in refugee camps. Financing models such as subsidies and concessions are needed to make modern energy cooking affordable to displaced people and to attract private providers.
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